Plastic Surgery Specialty

Plastic Surgery

Plastic surgery is divided into two branches: cosmetic surgery and reconstructive plastic surgery. Cosmetic surgery focuses on enhancing the aesthetic appearance of an individual, whereas plastic surgery encompasses both aesthetic improvement and reconstruction, the latter being referred to as reconstructive surgery. The primary goal of reconstructive plastic surgery is to enhance functionality, with the potential inclusion of efforts to restore a normal appearance, although this is not its primary objective. Reconstructive plastic surgery is commonly referred to simply as reconstructive surgery.

In certain regions, there is a distinct separation between cosmetic surgery and plastic surgery. Cosmetic surgery is termed elective surgery or non-essential surgery, representing procedures that patients choose to undergo. On the other hand, plastic surgery is understood as surgery performed to reconstruct or enhance appearance following injury or illness.