Joint Replacement Specialty

Joint Replacement

Joint replacement surgery involves the removal of a damaged joint and the insertion of a new one. Joints, where two or more bones meet (such as the knee, hip, and shoulder), are typically the focus of this procedure, which is commonly performed by an orthopaedic surgeon. In some cases, the surgeon may opt to address only the damaged portions rather than replacing the entire joint.

The purpose of joint replacement is to alleviate pain and improve mobility and overall well-being. Hips and knees are the joints most frequently replaced, but the procedure can also extend to other areas like shoulders, fingers, ankles, and elbows.

What Is a New Joint Like?

A prosthesis, known as a new joint, can comprise plastic, metal, or ceramic components and can either be affixed with or without cement, allowing the bone to integrate with it. The cemented joint is preferred for older individuals with limited mobility and those with fragile bones as the cement secures the new joint to the bone. Conversely, an uncemented joint is typically suggested for younger, more active individuals and those with strong bone density. However, healing may take longer as the bone requires additional time to grow and bond with the joint.

What Happens After Surgery?

Post knee or hip surgery, a hospital stay is typical, possibly followed by weeks in intermediate care if you're older or have disabilities. The duration in the hospital is determined by your medical team.

After the procedure, walking with aid begins soon, initially with discomfort due to weakened muscles and healing. Pain relief medication helps, and the discomfort typically resolves in weeks or months.

Physical therapy starts promptly to strengthen muscles and restore joint movement. Shoulder joint replacement allows immediate exercises. Therapists guide gentle motions and demonstrate equipment use before discharge.